Premenstrual Syndrome PMS


PMS is a condition characterized by psychological symptoms that occur during the week before menses begins and end within a few days of the onset of bleeding. It is believed that during this time the body synthesizes less of the happy neurotransmitter named serotonin, which contributes to the emotional and often moody nature of a woman experiencing this before a period.


This is considered the most common female hormonal disorder with around 70-90% of women experiencing premenstrual symptoms at some stage of their reproductive life. Women may experience a range of physical and emotional symptoms up to a week before menstruation begins.


Common Symptoms and Causes of Premenstrual Tension

There are several common symptoms of premenstrual tension including:


  • Tension, irritability, emotional outbursts

  • Very low moods and anxiety before the cycle

  • Fluid retention

  • Migraines or headaches

  • Breast tenderness

  • Food, carbohydrate and sugar cravings


A genetic predisposition may increase the risk factors of a woman to develop PMS. Abnormal hormone levels, nutrient deficiency and poor lifestyle factors may increase the chance of this development. It is believed that women may experience an unusual sensitivity to hormones circulating, in particular progesterone metabolites, as opposed to having abnormal hormone concentrations. However, in some an imbalance in the hormones oestrogen to progesterone ratio, particularly high oestrogen in relation to progesterone may be a cause.


Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD):

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of PMS affecting 3-9% of menstruating women. Like PMS, PMDD follows a predictable, cyclic pattern, with symptoms occurring in the luteal phase (after ovulation) of the menstrual cycle and end shortly after menstruation. PMDD should be taken seriously as it can cause significant disruption to the lives of sufferers – e.g. interfering with work and relationships – and in severe cases may be associated with thoughts of self-harm.


Diagnosis of PMS

There are no specific diagnostic tests for PMS, as hormone levels are usually within the normal range. Diagnosis relies on an examination of the woman’s medical history and description of the symptoms.


In most cases, you can identify if you have PMS by keeping a symptoms diary. Include the details of your menstrual cycle – for example, the first and last days of your menstrual period – and any ovulation symptoms. Keep this diary for at least three menstrual cycles. If the symptoms don’t resolve at menstruation, other causes may be suspected and would need to be investigated.


How can the team at Naturally Dynamic Health help?

After a thorough case history and our naturopaths will provide support for you through a program to regain your vitality.

Your individualised program could include:


  • Tailor made PMS treatment plan to balance your hormones and nervous system.

  • Diet assessment and adjustment to help with hormone balancing

  • Nutritional imbalances will be corrected

  • Your Naturopath may want to support your detoxification pathways in your body as this helps to balance and clear excess hormones quickly

  • Specific herbal remedies, which are clinically trialed to be safe and effective may be prescribed

  • Charting of your menstrual cycle and education about your cycle

  • Stress management techniques